Indonesian Education Landscape and the 21st Century Challenges

Vidi Sukmayadi, Azizul Halim Yahya


As one of the most extensive education system in the world, Indonesia has achieved significant progress to improve the educational outcomes in the last two decades. The government has managed to increase school access, funding and high rate of school enrollment that in line with the government’s policy on 12 years of compulsory education. Indonesia, as similar to many other developing countries, has to deal with a significant challenge to move beyond improving access to education and moving towards achieving a high-quality education. The Indonesian government has enacted a series of reforms to improve the quality of education but managing such a massive education system is challenging. Despite the rapid progress in many areas fulfilled in recent decades, the challenges are still there.


Education landscape, Educational Policy, Education System, Indonesia, Media Literacy

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
All articles published in JSSER are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The JSSER is indexed and/or abstracted in: